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動員令籌備手冊(公海版) 六月 15, 2018

Posted by springrollconan in 維基部, wiki.
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眾所週知,最近兩年的中文維基百科動員令主要是本人籌辦的。但是以後一個人獨攬籌辦權,不把機會讓給其他仁人志士,似乎並不適合。所以我會講述一下籌備動員令的時候,甚麼時候應該做甚麼事情,以及各項程序、規矩的來龍去脈。但是我會分開免費版和收費版,免得某些「膠人」(最近幾年特別多)濫用這玩意兒,把這東西化為自己「攪攪震,冇幫襯」的工具。

概要
動員令籌備討論一般在3月底、4月初的時候於動員令討論頁召開。頭一個月主要是社群醞釀動員令細節的時間,然後5月底、6月初就要做出最後決定(可按情況決定是否延長討論)。這些細節往往包括:

  1. 主題
  2. 舉行時間
  3. 主持人選舉
  4. 評分制度
  5. 美術

原則上,動員令應在夏季(7月至9月)舉行,方便學生黨參與(大陸不放聖誕假期,春假則是大家[回鄉]探親的時節,也不適合)。其餘幾項細節,則視乎社群討論結果,再做決定;由於歷史原因,制定不同細節的準繩,以至於各項表決的目的,也不盡相同。不過有一項大原則是:入選的主題、主持人和設計方案必須得到廣泛的社群認可。

其餘細節請參閱收費版。

收費辦法
管理員免費;其他編輯要收費,而且必須得到本人的同意,才可以存取。交了錢,但是被我拒絕申請,手續費絕不退還。

廣告

採礦實驗 十一月 11, 2017

Posted by springrollconan in management, 博客相關.
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本站財政艱難,為開財路,特設分站一個,開採金山,積聚財富。以一人之力,工事漫漫無涯,以眾人之力,礦務事半功偣。以為本站有益有用者,不妨助我一臂之力。

春卷柯南謹啟
四七一四年九月二十三日


Due to financial difficulties I’ve set up a branch site for coin-mining as a source of my income. The work would be hard for me alone, but with more people, it is much easier. Try it if you think that my site is beneficial and useful.

Spring Roll Conan
11th November, 2017

如何恢復Bounz 七月 30, 2017

Posted by springrollconan in 維基部, 觀點, thoughts, wiki.
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我參加過三個網誌,當中兩個是獨力支撐的(包括這裏),還有一個比較特別,是多人合撰的。這個博客就是Bounz了。想當年我們無所不談(當時我還不至於現在那麼成熟),交通、政治、資訊科技、文藝、生活,無所不談。在中文維基人的圈子裏也成為一時佳話。
最近朋友貌似在商量共撰政論網站的事宜,我就提出了一個建議:重建Bounz。

  • 域名:由於我不是這個網誌的管理員,所以本來的Bounz應該就沒辦法起死回生了,不過博客域名應該很容易找到,所以覓地重建倒是說難不難(只是「自由世界」的伺服器會好些)。
  • 人事:只要找到有意編寫網誌的同仁,設定某些基本的行為守則(見附錄一),然後這個網誌就可以運作了。我不想幹邀請的苦差,主要是人家願意,自己幫忙。
  • 範疇:這個網誌不一定是純粹的政論網站,討論範圍還包括交通、資訊科技、文藝、生活、旅遊、科普、史地、軍事等等。至於可不可以寫粗口、發美女圖,大家可以商量下。提出這個想法是為了分散風險,一個純政論網站,除非有大金主保護,否則是很難維持下去的。不想寫政論文是可以的。不過有營養的帖子,總比高糖份的帖子好。
  • 語言:書寫語言應該以中文、英文優先。是否引入方言內容、外文內容可以商量(不過總之要有人懂,比如栢栢爾文或者教會斯拉夫文,這裏幾乎沒人看得懂的,就不要了。PS. 這兩款文字看起來頗恐怖——快逃)。
  • 版權:所有內容都應該以自由版權條款(比如共享創意3.0)發佈。當然涉及敏感內容,可以選擇保留版權。

大家接受不接受,就看大家了。

香城維基館鬩牆始末(轉載) 五月 14, 2017

Posted by springrollconan in 維基部, wiki.
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月前,余為文一篇,述香城維基館其人其事,頗受好評。近有後進「三六〇〇」另加申論,記維基館鬩牆之實,且以此為誡。市巷嘖嘖稱奇。得其同意,現轉述如下。

和諧三年,香城生員始商維基館籌建事宜。五年,建維基館,請花旗國維基會許可。建館功臣有二:一曰普魯而,一曰士釗域,俱於四年登科,任有秩。二人素有嫌隙,遂成釁事之兆。

初普魯而既操有會盟之實力,亦握有館務之利權。維基館建立之初,任總裁者另有其人;適彼掛冠告隱,故有奪位之戰,而普魯而勝之。有蒙士釗域信任者應舉,惟普魯而率眾表拒,使之落第。至此士釗域因故去職。

普魯而既有大權,始逐士釗域黨人。士釗域本有出山之意,迨七年,無心戀戰,收山告退。

九年,普魯而與黨人盟,改會盟之事為定制,一月一度。要義有二:一,士釗域黨人不得聚於中堂,衹限於耳室玩樂,亦不得妄議館務。普魯而黨人反之。二、維基館中樞准於中堂偏坐一隅,兼以佛冷塞夷語作論。是年,始乞納貢之事。越明年,維基會准其所請。

慶豐元年,維基會移師香城,萬國來朝,無不褒獎會、館之能事。館人聚集市肆,徵募鄉勇,亦一呼百應。惜館人無甚收益,亦告疲竭,卒之相繼掛官,另謀高就。(譬於,館人先立邦人論壇,又立奇趣錄、自繇新聞、軌路訊息[日本人出雲君與同好所設者也]等報館)維基館經營日艱,月要歲會無從稽考,維基館見之,不悅,五年,終明令破毀維基館。至是,新科進士鮮見香城子弟。館人已無復歸之意,然士釗域黨人之中,仍有貢獻之心。

論曰:「鬩牆之時,普魯而黨雄辯滔滔,且握輿論之利,亦行壟斷之實,使黨人出使朝貢,並與外邦纂官交好,故戰無不勝也。釁事起,使臣、纂官日加猜忌,迄至今日。

關於特首選舉的夢境 三月 20, 2017

Posted by springrollconan in 觀點, thoughts.
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今天的夢境是:特首選舉的結果公佈了,第一輪投票的結果是:
(設x、y為0至9任何一個數值,z為耍花招投白票的「左膠」的人數)

  1. 曾俊華——560+x
  2. 林鄭月娥——580+y
  3. 胡國興——1194-(560+x)-(580+y)-z = 54-x-y-z

根據現行法例,候選人要當選,就要掌握601票。但是,從上述的結果可見,由於沒有候選人能夠掌握足夠的選票,所以就要把得票較低的候選人(胡國興)篩走,進行第二輪投票。在這方面香港和法國、印尼一樣,都是從中挑選得票最高那兩個候選人,待選民在第二輪投票中選擇(只是法國、印尼有普選,香港沒有)。

Fine,第二輪投票就剩下林鄭月娥和曾俊華了。假設胡國興的得票全部流向曾俊華:

  1. 曾俊華——560+x+54-x-y-z = 614-y-z
  2. 林鄭月娥——580+y

按照這個非常不嚴謹的推測,如果y+z < 14,曾俊華還是可以當選的。可是實際情況卻不一定這麼簡單。請給我再來一次不嚴謹的假設。假設選委當中四類人的身分和投票取向(數字上恕我無法統計):

  1. 奶粉——這些人會支持林鄭月娥到底。
  2. 民主派以外的薯粉——這些人會支持曾俊華到底。
  3. 民主派——大部分投給曾俊華,小部分投給胡國興,還有一些「左膠」耍花招,投白票。
  4. 游離票——立場不明。

所以,第二輪投票的結果,倒是比較難估計的。我們不能貿然說,林太或者薯片叔能夠穩奪游離票。這樣一來,特首選舉的結果,就更撲朔迷離了。

香港社群怎麼了? 二月 8, 2017

Posted by springrollconan in 維基部.
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2016年9月撰寫,本應獲得香港社群認可。2017年2月,事態已有顯著變化,故增加後語。

在《亞太地區維基社群的現況》系列裏面,我已經講過會另外開文講述香港維基社群的現況。維基百科的開山祖師衛詹寶曾經說過香港社群是世界上最年輕的一個維基人社群(到目前還是),而筆者也在今年年初維基百科建站15週年香港慶祝活動上表示過香港維基社群是一個朝氣勃勃的社群。不過香港社群是不是充滿生機呢?我們在這兒就看一下。

人員組成
香港維基人大致上可以分為兩類:一、外展團隊;二、基層編輯。外展團隊的內核主要是比我資歷更高的香港維基人,而且外展工作的推行也是以香港維基媒體協會(下稱香港分會)的名義進行的。香港分會近年來最矚目的就是大專教育專案,然後就是零散的數次編輯聚。反而基層編輯並沒有一個緊密的組織,所以可以叫他們做「散打維基人」。上至Clithering的英聯邦/香港人物系列,下至Carrotkit的高加索/中國外交系列,這些人在維基百科也是貢獻良多。香港分會會長Rover曾經提到,這些人的特性是「宅」,他們不很願意參加社群活動,更遑論參加分會。由於香港只有700萬人口,而且商業掛帥,這會阻礙到香港編輯人數的擴張。

社群組織與活動
照道理,香港分會是一個代表香港維基人的社群組織。香港分會是基金會承認的分會,而且也已經在公司註冊處註冊,但是由於法規所限,分會最多只能容納100個會員,而實際上每年參加週年大會的會員也只有大概10人。相比起台灣分會,香港分會在招募新成員這方面更不活躍,在外展這方面也沒有台灣分會那麼主動,網頁還曾經出岔,所幸現在已經恢復。目前香港維基社群唯一一個公開的定期社群活動,就是每個月(理論上)舉行一次的定期聚會,雖然每次只是在香港島舉行聚會,欠缺靈活,但是問題是九龍、新界聚會場地難找,也只能這樣做了。在之前,分會也曾經辦過不定期的主題編輯聚,大學外展活動,以及維基愛古蹟活動。分會已經承諾會對亞洲月活動投放更大的支援,這次我們會製作相關的紀念品。由於撥款申請那邊由Addis處理,所以我們並不需要擔心關於經費的問題。

外展團隊和基層編輯的關係
在香港,目前基層編輯和外展團隊的關係比較微妙。這並不是一時三刻的事情;總的來說基層編輯和外展團隊在多數時間都是「河水不犯井水」多於「打成一片」的。也就是說,基層編輯和外展團隊很少聯合起來,大致上都是各行其是,互不干預。這具體表現在基層編輯很多時並不參與外展活動,而外展團隊現階段通常也不會參與(至少中文版的)大規模內容編修。分會基本上由外展團隊掌舵也是(但是這並不奇怪,最近我看到報導是說某某分會的理事會清一色不是基層編輯)。造成這個現象的主要原因大概有兩種:一、早期的基層編輯與外展團隊不和,二、「散打維基人」拒絕/不願意參加社群活動(例如Carrotkit就曾經這樣說過)。雖然近年來外展團隊對基層編輯已經沒那麼敵視,甚至准許我主持亞洲月活動(但只限條目審核),但是始終成效很有限。

未來展望
2006年香港分會成立時,分會是維基媒體基金會唯一一種認可的社群組織,不過後來基金會也認可了其他的社群組織方式,例如用戶組。在運作上用戶組可能會比分會靈活(例如不需要政府註冊,在財政上的要求也相較寬鬆)。近期分會的一些小問題還是可以解決的,我認為如果現狀不變的話,分會不論是否更改組織形式,就算面臨財政困難,也會有能力承辦成本較低的社群推廣活動(例如聚會和亞洲月活動),然而分會長遠而言有需要引入新力量,避免分會變成「元老俱樂部」或者出現人才凋零的情況。但是香港局勢似有暗湧,這就不到我們控制,而分會能不能夠撐住這些政治風波,也不在預測範圍中。

(PS. 由於分會會長Rover要我把之前談話的細節保密,所以在這兒我沒有把話說完。)


後語
2016年9月以後香港社群的情況已經和以前大有不同。分會停辦定期聚會,也無跡象顯示聚會將會復辦。雖然分會已經藉由Addis的幫助得到亞洲月活動所需的資金,但是分會並不願意選用新題材,反而是吃老本——2013年「維基愛古蹟」活動的優勝作品。加上重要人物(包括外展推手Venus)的離職,看似分會已經不復昔日的鬥志。

後來我總算找到病根了——基金會早在9月就已經警告,如果分會不在11月前呈交本來應該在年初遞交的活動報告、財政報告,就會撤銷對分會的承認。最近社群討論到是否繼續承認若干分會的問題,其中香港分會被列入高危名單,果然到了發文的這一天,基金會正式撤銷了對香港分會的承認。分會已經振作無望,我認為按照「有能者」居之的原則,分會一定會被新一代組建的用戶組取代。然而另起爐灶,也不是優差。我將來有機會的話,會說說自己對未來港澳用戶組的一些構想。

我不是分會會員,而且這篇文章是斷斷續續的寫完的,所以可能會出現一些事實錯誤和前後矛盾。如果看到的話,請不吝賜正,

中文維基百科新條目推薦程序補充說明書 十二月 1, 2016

Posted by springrollconan in Uncategorized.
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有鑑於一些新手、老手對新條目推薦程序沒有透徹的認識,以至於新條目推薦程序沒有像他們預期的運作,令他們不愉快,所以我要在這兒好好的補充一下。

時序
在中文維基百科的新條目推薦程序中,提名過程可以分為最多兩個階段。從提名的那一刻,到96小時之後的那一刻就是第一階段。如果提名在四天內達到通過門檻——淨支持票數高於四,那麼第一階段結束後,提名就會自動結案,等待登上首頁(但是有一個情況是:如果條目剛好在應該上首頁的時候沒有通過的標記,那麼條目還是不會登上首頁的)。兩階段之間自動結案的過程,稱為「中途計票」。如果不達標,提名就會進入為時72小時的第二階段。第二階段結束後,達標的提名還是會自動結案的,但是不達標的就要被管理員手動否決了。

人事
每一項提名涉及到的經手人至少會有兩個。如果真的只有兩個經手人的話,那兩個人就是提名者和負責否決提名的管理員。不過實際上這個情況的發生機率是非常低的,因為條目提名往往還涉及到第三種經手人:投票者。一個成功的提名涉及到的經手人至少有五個;在這種情況下,並不會有管理員負責通過提名,因為這些事都已經交給機器人去做了。不過機器人終究不是自然人,所以不能當作經手人看待。

審查標準
雖然有的淺資用戶,還有別的老用戶並不同意這一點,但是大家要注意:新條目推薦主頁上面列舉的只是名義上的標準。其實DYK還有其他「潛規則」的,只是有的編輯不明白,認為這和名義標準不衝突,所以才會鼓譟而已。我列舉一些,看大家是否同意:

  1. 混用半形標點和全型標點,或者完全使用半形標點。
  2. 參考來源格式不規範。
    1. 參考來源地址裸露。
    2. 沒有使用{{cite}}系列模板。
    3. 把外文參考來源的書/篇名、作者、出版社等都翻譯成中文。
  3. 段落沒有參考來源。
  4. 參考來源單一。
  5. 出現翻譯錯誤和事實錯誤。

機器人的操作
目前新條目推薦程序的執行主要由機器人輔助。機器人的主要職責是:

  1. 在提名條目後為各項提名加入加密字串,並在發現相關模板的參數出現變更後修正字串。
  2. 在每小時的42分負責尋找獲得四名用戶支持的提名,並通過有關提名。
  3. 在每小時的整點、20分和40分移除DYK主頁上位置最低的合格提名,並在「你知道嗎」欄目專用模板插入問題和圖片。
  4. 把投票討論移動到有關條目的討論頁。
  5. 更新「你知道嗎」欄目相關的存檔。

一般來說,如果機器人正常運作的話,管理員是不應該和機器人搶飯碗的(特別是自己提名的條目)。機器人除非罷工,不然一般並不會背離更新條目的規律,反而人手操作卻有這樣的可能;對上一次發生這種情況是在不久之前。當然機器人罷工的話,管理員還是可以通過/否決不涉及自己的提名。

Patterns
影響新條目推薦程序的小把戲當然是有的。但是我就不公開傳授了,免得淺資用戶投訴。

Wikipedia Review: A summary on Wikimedian communities in Asia Pacific Region (Part II) 四月 30, 2016

Posted by springrollconan in 維基部, wiki.
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Part I cont.)

South Korea
A (South) Korean user group is established in 2014, their representative participated in the Wikimedia Conference for the first time this year. I met with the group’s key figure in Wikimania 2013, but forgot what we’ve talked about. The South Korean representative in WMCON16 said that the group has tried to hold meet-ups, but only a few people join these events. I do not know what’s happening in the Korean Wikipedia.

Macau
There was a chapter in Macau, but since the Chinese Wikimedia Conference 2009 was held in Macau, it is disorganised and stagnated, facing threats from the WMF to revoke its recognition regarding the chapter. There was three outstanding Wikipedians from Macau, but among them only one is still there, as well as another Macanese Wikipedian who is interested in ACG and with fewer experiences. The user was the judge of the Campaign (動員令, or directly transliterated as dongyuanling as Addis did), an annual writing contest in the Chinese Wikipedia. Unfortunately there’re also some “playgroundists" (Taiwan is plagued by the same problem), they only do what they want to do without taking responsibility, without considerations of if it’s feasible and if we need it. When something is done against them they may act badly. I consider them as users lacking commitment, thus I think there’ll be no bad consequences even if the regional conference exclude them.

Malaysia
Wikipedians’ population in Malaysia is sparse, and is seen in Chinese and English Wikipedia. In English Wikipedia I often saw users writing good articles about towns in Malaysia. Wikipedia meet-ups is hardly seen in Malaysia, due to internal security laws. Malay Wikipedia is not developed well, sometimes we may jeered at their FA and said that they are poorer than articles appeared on the DYK column in the Chinese Wikipedia (though our mentor has warned us not to do so).

New Zealand
According to Andrew there’re only two proactive Wikipedians in New Zealand.

The Philippines
Both a chapter and a user group is found in the Philippines, the reason of this is the user group is a splinter group – the leader was a member of the chapter but expelled later, then he set up a user group. Both groups have their contributions: What the chapter concerned are the Asian Month, regional co-operation, improvement of Net service and the Wikipedia Zero project. The user group focused on building of Wikipedia communities for regional languages and photo contests. English is one of the main languages in the Philippines, Filipino users in English Wikipedia maintained a noticeboard (Tambayan Philippines) there. The population is forgotten, I seldom saw that they nominate good article candidates about their country.

Singapore
Singapore share a same situation as Malaysia. Sparse Wikipedian population, hard to organise meet-ups, not to mention a user group and a chapter. In the English Wikipedia there’re less than ten active contributors from S’pore (excl. those came from overseas), who maintain a noticeboard as what’s being done by their Filipino counterparts (but at last I’ve to do what they ‘ld have done). They have the passion to edit and improve articles about their homeland, at best making them good articles. There was a Singaporean editor in the Chinese Wikipedia, he has the virtue of being straightforward to remonstrate, but he left last year for maybe exams or National Service. What a pity. Due to the ISA some fear the trouble to hold a meet-up in S’pore, that’s the reason why Wikipedia meet-ups are not frequently seen; the last one is held last year and I attended, the first one after several seven or eight years. No cops encountered. Minutes is recorded, in this meet-up we proposed a regional strategy of Wikimedia in Southeast Asia, set up a user group and push forward outreach activities of Wikipedia (which is already undergoing.)

Thailand
There’s a user group in Thailand. A co-sponsor of the Asian Month, it also engaged in Educational Outreach Programme. In Thai Wikipedia a writing contest similar to the Campaign is hold every year, the featured articles there is also but than their Malay counterparts. I don’t know much about it beyond what’s written above.

Vietnam
Neither user groups nor chapter are found in Vietnam, maybe this is due to the political system there. Vietnamese Wikipedia is an active site though – to Chinese Wikipedians we know that they celebrated the achievement for having a million articles with the help of a a bot, they can write articles well, like those on Vietnamese Catholic priests. Once I even saw that a good article written by me long ago is translated into Vietnamese. No regular meet-ups. PS. I met with Asaf, the WMF staff who looked after Global South in Wikimania 2013, he said that Vietnam has its potential, but due to socio-political reasons photographs are the priority. I didn’t follow up this later.

Others
Laos is yet to develop a Wikipedia community, that’s more an economic problem than a political problem. A Lao user advocated for the overthrow of the Lao PDR and the revival of the monarchy signed on the ESEA meet-up page on meta. No censorships should be done there, but I think we should be careful on this as the socialists ruling Laos can just learn from Peking and block Wikipedia at worst. North Koreans, except those with privileges, can only use the intranet system even if they can use a computer, so we can assume that there’re no Wikipedians there. No informations is given for Mongolia, Papua New Guinea, Brunei and East Timor.

Due to insufficient data and assistance, this essay is probably messy, it’s happy if mistakes can be pointed out.

Wikipedia Review: A summary on Wikimedian communities in Asia Pacific Region (Part I) 四月 30, 2016

Posted by springrollconan in 維基部, wiki.
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(This is translated from the Chinese version on the same blog which are published earlier. Sorry for grammatical mistakes. Feel free to point out mistakes, I’ll fix it.)

Recently Addis, a mainland Chinese Wikimedian resided in the USA, as well as Taiwanese Wikimedians Liang and Reke attended the Wikimedia Conference 2016 in Berlin, held talks with Asian Wikimedians from Indonesia, Korea, Thailand etc., and talked about WAM, Seasonal Newsletter and ESEA Conference with them. I’m particularly interested in Regional Conference (not for covert form of travel), as it is helpful for Wikimedians from the Asia Pacific region to share experience on community affairs, to complement each other and to plan for regional projects (due to time difference and differences in working hours there may be difficulties for Wikimedians from every country/region to discuss it online.) With the Wikimania reform, it may become an event to hold between two Wikimanias.

From what they discussed it should be a conference with 30-50 attendees with a scope as follow:

  • WMTW, WMID and WMPH (WMHK & WMMO is stagnated, so is excluded)
  • Usergroups in mainland China, South Korea, Thailand, Japan and the Philippines
  • Grassroot editors from Hong Kong, Macau, Vietnam, Cambodia, Myanmar, Malaysia and Singapore

Later they discussed with Ellie, the event manager of WMF. She suggested to extend the scope to Oceania.

People are essential for a conference. So please let me to introduce what’s going on about Wikimedians across the Asia Pacific region (except Hong Kong, which I’ll explain in another post later).

Pacific Islands
The representative of WMAU, Andrew, said to Liang and Reke that he can’t see any Wikipedian communities taking root in island nations of Oceania due to poor network services there.

Australia
Australia is the only Oceanian state with a Wikimedia chapter by Apr 2016. There’s a vital community, meetups are held quite frequently. From Andrew I know that Australia Wikimedians can be divided geographically as those from the East (like Melbourne) and those from WA (Perth). Perth community once bid for Wikimania 2017, but the WMF gifted the holding rights to Montreal. There’s a possibility that the chapter will be divided as two local usergroups (though from experiences abroad local chapters can co-exist with national chapters).

Cambodia
I once met with Vantharith, a Khmer Wikipedian in Wikimania 2013. We talked about what happened in the Cambodian community. What I wrote on FB was:

Here is Vantharith Oum, the Cambodian Wikipedian I met after the Wikimedia Asia meeting on Aug. 10th. He is also the man-in-charge of the Khmer Wikipedia Official Blog. On the meetup day, we walked together and talked about the situation of Khmer Wikipedia: The Cambodian Wiki-community is comparatively small, as there are not too many people in Cambodia (I think the geographic-economic situation in Cambodia can be another cause of the situation). We exchanged our Facebook a day after, and the picture is taken at that day.

Later developments is unknown to me due to language barriers, but I once called for importation of the Khmer version of the book The Customs of Cambodia (though I don’t know how it went on). They participated in discussions on ESEA meetup last year.

Myanmar
I met with Burmese Wikipedian Mg Sun on the same occasion and talked with him about what’s happening in the Burmese community. What I wrote on FB was:

Most of the Wikipedians in Myanmar are from Yangon or Mandalay. Some are from Naypyitaw, which is having the best Net service in the state. The most controversial articles in Burmese Wikipedia are about the former military junta, but they will not argue with this. Instead, they will set down the controversy by discussion – they have connections with each other.

By then the USDP was still the ruling party. Since then there are Wikimedia meetups in Myanmar, but what happened later is also unknown due to language barriers.

Taiwan
Taiwan has a Wikimedia chapter which is the only functioning chapter in East Asia. It once faced crisis after Wikimania 2007, but revived later and launched a project named Wikiseeds of Taiwan Knowledge. With the project the chapter imported a Taiwanese Hokkien dictionary, held several Wikipedia meetups for women and took photos of new legislators in Taiwan. There’re media coverages on it – once I read an interview with Reke on a Taiwanese newspaper in a community library. So we can say that this is useful in promotion and building of Wikimedia projects. There’re also Wikimedia communities in some counties/cities of Taiwan, like Kaohsiung, Taichung, and more recently Hsinchu. Taichung Wikipedians’ attempt to hold collaborative meetups (different from editathon), and attempts to push forward projects on hydroelectricity and spoken articles by their Hsinchu counterparts are interesting. At present Taiwanese Wikipedians maintained a Facebook group (I thought that it is comprised of the good, bad and ugly), some others are on IRC chatrooms.

mainland China
There’s a user group in mainland China, which Addis proposed to set up in Wikimania 2013. Before that Addis already secured funds from the WMF to make use of social networking sites for promotion of Wikipedia in mainland China. (Though the Weibo account is now stagnated, and the twitter account is flooded with main page contents.) The user group also organised activities like a photography contest called “Run Run Shaw Hall besides you", “Wiki Love Monuments" campaign, “Youdao Babel Translation Project" and the Asian Month. Some still require fundings from the WMF, though in a far smaller amount, if compared with their Far East counterparts (check it in Meta). But it still trigger controversies in the Teahouse of the Chinese Wikipedia, even if those complaints are groundless.

Outside the group there’re plenty of Wikipedians stationed in QQ, a popular instant chat software in mainland China. Members in QQ chatrooms bear the word “Wikipedia" are not necessarily Wikipedians, Wikipedia users inside are not completely in a loose relationship, some can be grouped by their clear and staunch stand and belief. Those chatrooms are also comprised of the good, bad and ugly, but besides the bad, there’re still outstanding editors and sysops rising from this poor environment.

Peking now has Wikipedia blocked, though Wikipedians in mainland China can still work there with their own way of access. Both the user group and Wikipedians using QQ hold community events, but not on a regular basis. Both groups are said having a bitter moment, which I’m sorry that no investigation reporting can be provided.

Indonesia
There’s a Wikimedia chapter in Indonesia, in recent years they focused on cultural preservation (like book digitalization), development of small-scale communities for Wikipedia in Indonesian regional languages and interactions with Wikidata developers’ community. They are pioneers in co-operation between regional Wikimedia communities, once invited Liang to visit Indonesia and their chapter, and initiated proposal for a regional conference. (For this part I’m not confident on what I’ve written.) Wikimedians’ activities in Indonesia is vital, in Indonesian Wikipedia they have a good practice by putting informations on meet-ups and current theme of weekly collaboration project to the main page. Unlike Hong Kong, this may prevent a rift between grassroot editors and outreach team to come into being. But some complained the edition review process there is keep delaying, stopping newcomers from having amendments done to articles.

Japan
There’s a user group in Kansai area (Osaka, Kyoto, etc.) of Japan. Wikipedians in Japan are proactive, they held activities like a meeting with Lila Tretikov and WP15 celebrations. They co-sponsored the Asian Month too (I once received a postcard from them!) Japanese Wikipedia just passed the milestone of having a million articles. One of my colleagues said that they have better articles focused on Western history, geography and academic theories than Chinese Wikipedia. Even that’s being said almost a decade ago, now I still consider this claim valid .

(To be continued…)

維基評論:亞太地區維基社群的現況(下) 四月 28, 2016

Posted by springrollconan in 維基部, wiki.
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(續上篇

南韓
南韓在2014年成立了用戶組,今年他們的代表是第一次參加維基媒體會議。用戶組的領軍人物我在2013年香港年會的時候見過,不過我已經忘了當時我們談了些甚麼。參加今年維基媒體會議的南韓用戶組代表說南韓有維基聚會,不過參加人數少。韓文版社群的狀況不了解。

澳門
澳門本來設有維基媒體協會,不過自從2009年澳門舉辦中文維基年會後,組織渙散,活動沈寂,更有可能被基金會取消承認。本來澳門有三個傑出維基人,不過現在他們當中只有一個繼續活躍(他擁有管理員身分),另外還有一個後期崛起,對ACG有興趣的澳門維基人,他曾經主持過幾年前的動員令。另外還有些遊樂場主義者(台灣維基人當中也有這些人),不過這些人隨心所欲、不負責任,不管是否需要,不管是否可行,毫無身為維基人的使命感,別人「阻着自己玩」就一副不爽的嘴臉,區域會議少了他們也沒痛癢。

馬來西亞
馬來西亞有零星的維基人,有的活躍於中文版,也有的活躍於英文版,在英文版有用戶經常編寫關於馬來西亞城鎮的優良條目。由於馬來西亞的內部安全法例比較嚴格,所以一直以來在馬來西亞籌辦維基聚會會比較困難。馬來文版社群不很茁壯,甚至他們的特色條目連中文版的DYK水準也不如(雖然已經有前輩警告我別去取笑他們)。

紐西蘭
Andrew說紐西蘭只有兩個活躍的維基百科編輯。

菲律賓
菲律賓設有維基媒體協會和用戶組,之所以會出現這兩個社群組織是因為兩者之間的矛盾:用戶組的領軍人物本來是分會的成員,不過後來因故被分會除名,然後另起爐灶,結果就形成了這個局面。分會和用戶組各有各的貢獻:分會協辦過亞洲月,和台灣、印尼分會都致力於推動區域維基社群合作,也曾經推動過互聯網基建和存取體制的改善和菲律賓的維基百科零計劃。而用戶組則在推動本地小語種社群發展和舉行地方攝影比賽盡了一份力(關於攝影比賽,其實這有助於填補關於這些城市的照片在維基共享資源的缺口)。由於英文是菲律賓主要的語言之一,所以菲律賓維基人在英文維基百科有自己的布告板,當地活躍維基人人數忘了,有時我也看到那兒有維基人編寫菲律賓相關的優良條目,不過頻率並不高。

新加坡
新加坡的情況和馬來西亞挺類似的。有零星活躍的維基人,不過卻難以組織聚會和結社。英文版大概有少於10個活躍的新加坡維基人(旅居新加坡的國外維基人除外),和菲律賓一樣他們有自己的維基人佈告版(不過最後要我這個過江龍把他們那份也幹了),都很熱衷於編輯,而且積極於提升本地相關的內容,令這些條目成為優良條目。在中文版本來也有一個,他是挺有諍友風範的,不過大概一年前就走了,這可能是因為準備考試或者服役,這確實可惜。由於新加坡有《內安法令》,所以當地有的維基人恐怕舉辦聚會會引來麻煩(雖然上次我去新加坡維基聚會並沒有遇到警察),因此聚會並不頻繁。上一次聚會的紀錄可以在這兒翻查,當時我們說要制定維基百科在東南亞的發展策略,建立維基用戶組,以及推動教育外展。

泰國
泰國設有用戶組,協辦過亞洲月,也曾經舉辦過與教育外展有關的活動。泰文版社群每年都會舉辦一個類似動員令的條目競賽,用戶組也會幫忙。除此之外我對泰國社群就不太了解,除了知道他們的優特條目沒有馬來文版這樣不濟。

越南
政治體制所限,目前越南維基百科尚未建立用戶組或分會,不過在線上他們有一個很活躍的社群——雖然在中文版我們都知道他們的條目是靠刷出來的,不過其實他們編寫過很多出色的內容,比如越南歷史人物,越南天主教等等,甚至我還看過那兒有維基人翻譯自己編寫的優良條目。然而他們的聚會並不頻繁。此外在2013年香港年會的時候我曾經見過在基金會負責Global South事務的Asaf演講,他說越南是他們有意開拓的市場,不過由於政治因素他們會先從圖片下手,不過事情最後如何我就沒繼續看下去了。

其他
老撾目前並沒有活躍的維基社群,這可能是由於經濟因素,和政治無關。在區域會議專頁上簽字的老撾維基人是反政府的(他要求推翻現在的老撾人民革命黨政府,恢復君主制),不過我覺得雖然維基百科不應該搞政治審查,不過在這個問題上是要謹慎處理的,搞不好老撾只要跟中國大陸偷師就可以封鎖維基百科了。北朝鮮人就算能用電腦也只能用內聯網(有特權者除外),所以可以推斷那兒沒有維基社群。蒙古、巴布亞新畿內亞、汶萊、東帝汶資料從缺。

由於資料不足,人脈不足,寫出來一團亂,希望各位不吝賜正。