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Wikipedia Review: A summary on Wikimedian communities in Asia Pacific Region (Part II) 四月 30, 2016

Posted by springrollconan in 維基部, wiki.
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Part I cont.)

South Korea
A (South) Korean user group is established in 2014, their representative participated in the Wikimedia Conference for the first time this year. I met with the group’s key figure in Wikimania 2013, but forgot what we’ve talked about. The South Korean representative in WMCON16 said that the group has tried to hold meet-ups, but only a few people join these events. I do not know what’s happening in the Korean Wikipedia.

Macau
There was a chapter in Macau, but since the Chinese Wikimedia Conference 2009 was held in Macau, it is disorganised and stagnated, facing threats from the WMF to revoke its recognition regarding the chapter. There was three outstanding Wikipedians from Macau, but among them only one is still there, as well as another Macanese Wikipedian who is interested in ACG and with fewer experiences. The user was the judge of the Campaign (動員令, or directly transliterated as dongyuanling as Addis did), an annual writing contest in the Chinese Wikipedia. Unfortunately there’re also some “playgroundists" (Taiwan is plagued by the same problem), they only do what they want to do without taking responsibility, without considerations of if it’s feasible and if we need it. When something is done against them they may act badly. I consider them as users lacking commitment, thus I think there’ll be no bad consequences even if the regional conference exclude them.

Malaysia
Wikipedians’ population in Malaysia is sparse, and is seen in Chinese and English Wikipedia. In English Wikipedia I often saw users writing good articles about towns in Malaysia. Wikipedia meet-ups is hardly seen in Malaysia, due to internal security laws. Malay Wikipedia is not developed well, sometimes we may jeered at their FA and said that they are poorer than articles appeared on the DYK column in the Chinese Wikipedia (though our mentor has warned us not to do so).

New Zealand
According to Andrew there’re only two proactive Wikipedians in New Zealand.

The Philippines
Both a chapter and a user group is found in the Philippines, the reason of this is the user group is a splinter group – the leader was a member of the chapter but expelled later, then he set up a user group. Both groups have their contributions: What the chapter concerned are the Asian Month, regional co-operation, improvement of Net service and the Wikipedia Zero project. The user group focused on building of Wikipedia communities for regional languages and photo contests. English is one of the main languages in the Philippines, Filipino users in English Wikipedia maintained a noticeboard (Tambayan Philippines) there. The population is forgotten, I seldom saw that they nominate good article candidates about their country.

Singapore
Singapore share a same situation as Malaysia. Sparse Wikipedian population, hard to organise meet-ups, not to mention a user group and a chapter. In the English Wikipedia there’re less than ten active contributors from S’pore (excl. those came from overseas), who maintain a noticeboard as what’s being done by their Filipino counterparts (but at last I’ve to do what they ‘ld have done). They have the passion to edit and improve articles about their homeland, at best making them good articles. There was a Singaporean editor in the Chinese Wikipedia, he has the virtue of being straightforward to remonstrate, but he left last year for maybe exams or National Service. What a pity. Due to the ISA some fear the trouble to hold a meet-up in S’pore, that’s the reason why Wikipedia meet-ups are not frequently seen; the last one is held last year and I attended, the first one after several seven or eight years. No cops encountered. Minutes is recorded, in this meet-up we proposed a regional strategy of Wikimedia in Southeast Asia, set up a user group and push forward outreach activities of Wikipedia (which is already undergoing.)

Thailand
There’s a user group in Thailand. A co-sponsor of the Asian Month, it also engaged in Educational Outreach Programme. In Thai Wikipedia a writing contest similar to the Campaign is hold every year, the featured articles there is also but than their Malay counterparts. I don’t know much about it beyond what’s written above.

Vietnam
Neither user groups nor chapter are found in Vietnam, maybe this is due to the political system there. Vietnamese Wikipedia is an active site though – to Chinese Wikipedians we know that they celebrated the achievement for having a million articles with the help of a a bot, they can write articles well, like those on Vietnamese Catholic priests. Once I even saw that a good article written by me long ago is translated into Vietnamese. No regular meet-ups. PS. I met with Asaf, the WMF staff who looked after Global South in Wikimania 2013, he said that Vietnam has its potential, but due to socio-political reasons photographs are the priority. I didn’t follow up this later.

Others
Laos is yet to develop a Wikipedia community, that’s more an economic problem than a political problem. A Lao user advocated for the overthrow of the Lao PDR and the revival of the monarchy signed on the ESEA meet-up page on meta. No censorships should be done there, but I think we should be careful on this as the socialists ruling Laos can just learn from Peking and block Wikipedia at worst. North Koreans, except those with privileges, can only use the intranet system even if they can use a computer, so we can assume that there’re no Wikipedians there. No informations is given for Mongolia, Papua New Guinea, Brunei and East Timor.

Due to insufficient data and assistance, this essay is probably messy, it’s happy if mistakes can be pointed out.

Wikipedia Review: A summary on Wikimedian communities in Asia Pacific Region (Part I) 四月 30, 2016

Posted by springrollconan in 維基部, wiki.
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(This is translated from the Chinese version on the same blog which are published earlier. Sorry for grammatical mistakes. Feel free to point out mistakes, I’ll fix it.)

Recently Addis, a mainland Chinese Wikimedian resided in the USA, as well as Taiwanese Wikimedians Liang and Reke attended the Wikimedia Conference 2016 in Berlin, held talks with Asian Wikimedians from Indonesia, Korea, Thailand etc., and talked about WAM, Seasonal Newsletter and ESEA Conference with them. I’m particularly interested in Regional Conference (not for covert form of travel), as it is helpful for Wikimedians from the Asia Pacific region to share experience on community affairs, to complement each other and to plan for regional projects (due to time difference and differences in working hours there may be difficulties for Wikimedians from every country/region to discuss it online.) With the Wikimania reform, it may become an event to hold between two Wikimanias.

From what they discussed it should be a conference with 30-50 attendees with a scope as follow:

  • WMTW, WMID and WMPH (WMHK & WMMO is stagnated, so is excluded)
  • Usergroups in mainland China, South Korea, Thailand, Japan and the Philippines
  • Grassroot editors from Hong Kong, Macau, Vietnam, Cambodia, Myanmar, Malaysia and Singapore

Later they discussed with Ellie, the event manager of WMF. She suggested to extend the scope to Oceania.

People are essential for a conference. So please let me to introduce what’s going on about Wikimedians across the Asia Pacific region (except Hong Kong, which I’ll explain in another post later).

Pacific Islands
The representative of WMAU, Andrew, said to Liang and Reke that he can’t see any Wikipedian communities taking root in island nations of Oceania due to poor network services there.

Australia
Australia is the only Oceanian state with a Wikimedia chapter by Apr 2016. There’s a vital community, meetups are held quite frequently. From Andrew I know that Australia Wikimedians can be divided geographically as those from the East (like Melbourne) and those from WA (Perth). Perth community once bid for Wikimania 2017, but the WMF gifted the holding rights to Montreal. There’s a possibility that the chapter will be divided as two local usergroups (though from experiences abroad local chapters can co-exist with national chapters).

Cambodia
I once met with Vantharith, a Khmer Wikipedian in Wikimania 2013. We talked about what happened in the Cambodian community. What I wrote on FB was:

Here is Vantharith Oum, the Cambodian Wikipedian I met after the Wikimedia Asia meeting on Aug. 10th. He is also the man-in-charge of the Khmer Wikipedia Official Blog. On the meetup day, we walked together and talked about the situation of Khmer Wikipedia: The Cambodian Wiki-community is comparatively small, as there are not too many people in Cambodia (I think the geographic-economic situation in Cambodia can be another cause of the situation). We exchanged our Facebook a day after, and the picture is taken at that day.

Later developments is unknown to me due to language barriers, but I once called for importation of the Khmer version of the book The Customs of Cambodia (though I don’t know how it went on). They participated in discussions on ESEA meetup last year.

Myanmar
I met with Burmese Wikipedian Mg Sun on the same occasion and talked with him about what’s happening in the Burmese community. What I wrote on FB was:

Most of the Wikipedians in Myanmar are from Yangon or Mandalay. Some are from Naypyitaw, which is having the best Net service in the state. The most controversial articles in Burmese Wikipedia are about the former military junta, but they will not argue with this. Instead, they will set down the controversy by discussion – they have connections with each other.

By then the USDP was still the ruling party. Since then there are Wikimedia meetups in Myanmar, but what happened later is also unknown due to language barriers.

Taiwan
Taiwan has a Wikimedia chapter which is the only functioning chapter in East Asia. It once faced crisis after Wikimania 2007, but revived later and launched a project named Wikiseeds of Taiwan Knowledge. With the project the chapter imported a Taiwanese Hokkien dictionary, held several Wikipedia meetups for women and took photos of new legislators in Taiwan. There’re media coverages on it – once I read an interview with Reke on a Taiwanese newspaper in a community library. So we can say that this is useful in promotion and building of Wikimedia projects. There’re also Wikimedia communities in some counties/cities of Taiwan, like Kaohsiung, Taichung, and more recently Hsinchu. Taichung Wikipedians’ attempt to hold collaborative meetups (different from editathon), and attempts to push forward projects on hydroelectricity and spoken articles by their Hsinchu counterparts are interesting. At present Taiwanese Wikipedians maintained a Facebook group (I thought that it is comprised of the good, bad and ugly), some others are on IRC chatrooms.

mainland China
There’s a user group in mainland China, which Addis proposed to set up in Wikimania 2013. Before that Addis already secured funds from the WMF to make use of social networking sites for promotion of Wikipedia in mainland China. (Though the Weibo account is now stagnated, and the twitter account is flooded with main page contents.) The user group also organised activities like a photography contest called “Run Run Shaw Hall besides you", “Wiki Love Monuments" campaign, “Youdao Babel Translation Project" and the Asian Month. Some still require fundings from the WMF, though in a far smaller amount, if compared with their Far East counterparts (check it in Meta). But it still trigger controversies in the Teahouse of the Chinese Wikipedia, even if those complaints are groundless.

Outside the group there’re plenty of Wikipedians stationed in QQ, a popular instant chat software in mainland China. Members in QQ chatrooms bear the word “Wikipedia" are not necessarily Wikipedians, Wikipedia users inside are not completely in a loose relationship, some can be grouped by their clear and staunch stand and belief. Those chatrooms are also comprised of the good, bad and ugly, but besides the bad, there’re still outstanding editors and sysops rising from this poor environment.

Peking now has Wikipedia blocked, though Wikipedians in mainland China can still work there with their own way of access. Both the user group and Wikipedians using QQ hold community events, but not on a regular basis. Both groups are said having a bitter moment, which I’m sorry that no investigation reporting can be provided.

Indonesia
There’s a Wikimedia chapter in Indonesia, in recent years they focused on cultural preservation (like book digitalization), development of small-scale communities for Wikipedia in Indonesian regional languages and interactions with Wikidata developers’ community. They are pioneers in co-operation between regional Wikimedia communities, once invited Liang to visit Indonesia and their chapter, and initiated proposal for a regional conference. (For this part I’m not confident on what I’ve written.) Wikimedians’ activities in Indonesia is vital, in Indonesian Wikipedia they have a good practice by putting informations on meet-ups and current theme of weekly collaboration project to the main page. Unlike Hong Kong, this may prevent a rift between grassroot editors and outreach team to come into being. But some complained the edition review process there is keep delaying, stopping newcomers from having amendments done to articles.

Japan
There’s a user group in Kansai area (Osaka, Kyoto, etc.) of Japan. Wikipedians in Japan are proactive, they held activities like a meeting with Lila Tretikov and WP15 celebrations. They co-sponsored the Asian Month too (I once received a postcard from them!) Japanese Wikipedia just passed the milestone of having a million articles. One of my colleagues said that they have better articles focused on Western history, geography and academic theories than Chinese Wikipedia. Even that’s being said almost a decade ago, now I still consider this claim valid .

(To be continued…)

維基評論:亞太地區維基社群的現況(下) 四月 28, 2016

Posted by springrollconan in 維基部, wiki.
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(續上篇

南韓
南韓在2014年成立了用戶組,今年他們的代表是第一次參加維基媒體會議。用戶組的領軍人物我在2013年香港年會的時候見過,不過我已經忘了當時我們談了些甚麼。參加今年維基媒體會議的南韓用戶組代表說南韓有維基聚會,不過參加人數少。韓文版社群的狀況不了解。

澳門
澳門本來設有維基媒體協會,不過自從2009年澳門舉辦中文維基年會後,組織渙散,活動沈寂,更有可能被基金會取消承認。本來澳門有三個傑出維基人,不過現在他們當中只有一個繼續活躍(他擁有管理員身分),另外還有一個後期崛起,對ACG有興趣的澳門維基人,他曾經主持過幾年前的動員令。另外還有些遊樂場主義者(台灣維基人當中也有這些人),不過這些人隨心所欲、不負責任,不管是否需要,不管是否可行,毫無身為維基人的使命感,別人「阻着自己玩」就一副不爽的嘴臉,區域會議少了他們也沒痛癢。

馬來西亞
馬來西亞有零星的維基人,有的活躍於中文版,也有的活躍於英文版,在英文版有用戶經常編寫關於馬來西亞城鎮的優良條目。由於馬來西亞的內部安全法例比較嚴格,所以一直以來在馬來西亞籌辦維基聚會會比較困難。馬來文版社群不很茁壯,甚至他們的特色條目連中文版的DYK水準也不如(雖然已經有前輩警告我別去取笑他們)。

紐西蘭
Andrew說紐西蘭只有兩個活躍的維基百科編輯。

菲律賓
菲律賓設有維基媒體協會和用戶組,之所以會出現這兩個社群組織是因為兩者之間的矛盾:用戶組的領軍人物本來是分會的成員,不過後來因故被分會除名,然後另起爐灶,結果就形成了這個局面。分會和用戶組各有各的貢獻:分會協辦過亞洲月,和台灣、印尼分會都致力於推動區域維基社群合作,也曾經推動過互聯網基建和存取體制的改善和菲律賓的維基百科零計劃。而用戶組則在推動本地小語種社群發展和舉行地方攝影比賽盡了一份力(關於攝影比賽,其實這有助於填補關於這些城市的照片在維基共享資源的缺口)。由於英文是菲律賓主要的語言之一,所以菲律賓維基人在英文維基百科有自己的布告板,當地活躍維基人人數忘了,有時我也看到那兒有維基人編寫菲律賓相關的優良條目,不過頻率並不高。

新加坡
新加坡的情況和馬來西亞挺類似的。有零星活躍的維基人,不過卻難以組織聚會和結社。英文版大概有少於10個活躍的新加坡維基人(旅居新加坡的國外維基人除外),和菲律賓一樣他們有自己的維基人佈告版(不過最後要我這個過江龍把他們那份也幹了),都很熱衷於編輯,而且積極於提升本地相關的內容,令這些條目成為優良條目。在中文版本來也有一個,他是挺有諍友風範的,不過大概一年前就走了,這可能是因為準備考試或者服役,這確實可惜。由於新加坡有《內安法令》,所以當地有的維基人恐怕舉辦聚會會引來麻煩(雖然上次我去新加坡維基聚會並沒有遇到警察),因此聚會並不頻繁。上一次聚會的紀錄可以在這兒翻查,當時我們說要制定維基百科在東南亞的發展策略,建立維基用戶組,以及推動教育外展。

泰國
泰國設有用戶組,協辦過亞洲月,也曾經舉辦過與教育外展有關的活動。泰文版社群每年都會舉辦一個類似動員令的條目競賽,用戶組也會幫忙。除此之外我對泰國社群就不太了解,除了知道他們的優特條目沒有馬來文版這樣不濟。

越南
政治體制所限,目前越南維基百科尚未建立用戶組或分會,不過在線上他們有一個很活躍的社群——雖然在中文版我們都知道他們的條目是靠刷出來的,不過其實他們編寫過很多出色的內容,比如越南歷史人物,越南天主教等等,甚至我還看過那兒有維基人翻譯自己編寫的優良條目。然而他們的聚會並不頻繁。此外在2013年香港年會的時候我曾經見過在基金會負責Global South事務的Asaf演講,他說越南是他們有意開拓的市場,不過由於政治因素他們會先從圖片下手,不過事情最後如何我就沒繼續看下去了。

其他
老撾目前並沒有活躍的維基社群,這可能是由於經濟因素,和政治無關。在區域會議專頁上簽字的老撾維基人是反政府的(他要求推翻現在的老撾人民革命黨政府,恢復君主制),不過我覺得雖然維基百科不應該搞政治審查,不過在這個問題上是要謹慎處理的,搞不好老撾只要跟中國大陸偷師就可以封鎖維基百科了。北朝鮮人就算能用電腦也只能用內聯網(有特權者除外),所以可以推斷那兒沒有維基社群。蒙古、巴布亞新畿內亞、汶萊、東帝汶資料從缺。

由於資料不足,人脈不足,寫出來一團亂,希望各位不吝賜正。

維基評論:亞太地區維基社群的現況(上) 四月 26, 2016

Posted by springrollconan in 維基部, wiki.
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最近旅居美國的中國大陸維基人Addis和台灣維基人上官、Reke都來到柏林參加2016年維基媒體會議,和印尼、韓國、泰國等地亞太維基人會晤,並討論了亞洲月、區域季刊、區域會議等區域社群合作的事宜。其中我對區域會議特別有興趣(這並不是為了變相旅遊),因為這有助於亞太各地維基人交流各自社群的經營經驗,互補長短,有助於籌劃地區事務(由於時差的關係並不是所有地區的維基人都可以在同一個時間段舉行網上討論),而且維基年會改革方案推行在即,屆時區域會議會在兩屆維基年會之中舉行。

他們談論到會議的人數可以限制在30-50人,也談到會議的範圍。按照當時的討論,這包括:

  • 台灣、印尼、菲律賓分會(香港和澳門分會業務停滯,故作罷)
  • 中國大陸、韓國、泰國、日本、菲律賓的用戶組
  • 香港、澳門、越南、柬埔寨、緬甸、馬來西亞、新加坡的基層編輯

後來他們也和基金會的活動經理Ellie討論過,Ellie建議把會議的範圍擴大到大洋洲各國。

舉行會議,沒人是不行的。所以我們要先了解亞太區的社群現況(香港社群的現況另文敘述)。

太平洋島國
根據澳洲分會代表Andrew跟上官、Reke的討論,太平洋島國網絡服務不穩定,因此他看不到維基社群在當地落地生根。

澳洲
澳洲是截至2016年4月為止大洋洲唯一一個設有維基媒體協會的國家,有活躍的社群,聚會活動算是頻繁。根據Andrew的敘述,澳洲目前可以分為兩大社群(墨爾本等東岸城市、珀斯一帶;其中珀斯社群曾經申辦2017年維基年會,不過基金會已經把年會的主辦權私相授受給了滿地可),將來分會可能要分家,變成兩大地方用戶組(不過參考國外的案例,地方分會和國家分會是可以並存的)。

柬埔寨
2013年維基年會期間我曾經和柬埔寨維基人Vantharith見面,討論了柬埔寨社群的狀況。我的面書:

我在8月10日亞洲維基人聚會之後認識的柬埔寨維基人 Vantharith Oum。他同時是高棉文維基百科官方網誌的主理人。當日我們一路走一路聊,談及高棉文維基百科的現況:由於柬埔寨人口不算多,柬埔寨的維基人社群規模小,高棉文維基百科的活躍編者人數只有10人左右(個人推測,柬埔寨的地域經濟狀況也是這個現象的成因)。我們在一天後交換了Facebook,我為他拍下這幅照片。

之後由於語言不通,他們的狀況我就不很了解,不過我曾經協助他們推動維基文庫上錄入《真臘風土記》高棉文版文本(最後有沒有成事其實我也不知道)。去年年底他們也有參加關於區域會議的面書討論。

緬甸
我也在2013年維基年會上見過緬甸維基人Mg Sun,我跟他討論了當時緬甸社群的狀況。當時我在面書寫過:

緬甸的維基人多來自仰光和曼德勒,也有的來自內比都(他說內比都的互聯網服務是全國最好的)。至於其他地區,由於經濟和電網問題,而沒有維基人。緬甸文維基百科最具爭議性的條目和以前的軍政府有關,但是他們不會為了條目的編修問題爭吵,而是會透過溝通、討論的方式,調解爭議——畢竟緬甸維基人之間也有聯絡辦法。

當時執政的仍然是鞏發黨政府。年會後頭一兩年我記得緬甸社群還是有活動的,不過後來緬甸文維基社群的狀況就不清楚了,這還是語言不通的問題。

台灣
台灣設有維基媒體協會,這個分會也是東亞唯一一個現存且活躍的分會。2007年台北維基年會閉幕後,台灣分會一度面臨危機,然而分會後來浴火重生,更成功推進了台灣知識種子計劃,當中有台語辭典、薇姬的房間、給立委拍照等等子項目,吸引了傳媒的注意,有次我到社區圖書館看台灣報紙,甚至還看到Reke兄的專訪,大概這些項目都有助於推廣、建設維基媒體計劃吧。另外台灣部分縣市也有自己的維基社群,比如早年的高雄、台中,以至於近期表現亮眼的新竹,其中我認為台中社群早前的Wiki協作聚和新竹社群的水電專案、有聲條目專案都算是有趣的嘗試。目前台灣維基人主要是藉助面書群組聯繫(覺得這個群組是有點龍蛇混雜啊),也有的駐紮在IRC。(利申:這個部份我當着上官班門弄斧,請勿恥笑)

中國大陸
中國大陸設有維基媒體用戶組,這個用戶組是在2013年香港維基年會上由Addis等人倡議成立,此前他就已經成功申請過基金會的一筆撥款,推動中文社群使用中國大陸的社交媒體網站推廣維基百科(不過根據我的觀察,現在微博帳號基本上已經停擺,推特帳號也只是首頁欄目內容的滾動更新)。用戶組成立過後,又曾經舉行過「身邊的逸夫樓」、「維基愛古蹟」、「有道巴別塔」等專案,也協助籌辦了亞洲月,不過當中部分項目要尋求基金會撥款。雖然在亞太區社群組織當中中國用戶組拿的錢遠比印尼、南韓和菲律賓的社群組織少(大家可以到元維基比較一下菲律賓、南韓、印尼、香港和中國大陸分會/用戶組提出的專案預算),不過這筆撥款在中文版的互助客棧曾經引起不小的爭議,就算這是空穴來風也好。

在用戶組以外,也有一些長年駐紮在QQ的維基人,雖然在那兒打着維基旗幟的群組並不盡是維基人。這群人不能籠統歸類為散打,那兒部分人是有鮮明、堅定的立場和信仰的。那些群組確實夠龍蛇混雜的,不過壞分子就別提了,QQ這盤渾水裏面還是出了十幾位優秀編輯和幾位管理員。

雖然目前北京當局封鎖了維基百科,不過他們都能夠以「自己的方式」到維基百科繼續工作。社群活動方面,用戶組和QQ幫都有舉行,不過不算頻繁。據說部分QQ幫維基人和用戶組之間有一種劇烈的矛盾,箇中內情我不方便寫出來。(台灣分會會刊的寫法是:「值得注意的是,有多位知名活躍維基人的城市上海並未列名於中國使用者群組之中。有傳言認為,這是因為上海的維基人與中國使用者群組的核心成員不合。」,雖然我上次跟上官說過所謂「上海幫」只是子虛烏有。)

印尼
印尼設有維基媒體協會,近年印尼分會做了很多跟文化保育相關的工作(例如翻印古書),推動了巽他語等地區小語種社群的發展,也積極跟維基數據社群交流。印尼分會也是推動區域維基社群合作的先驅,之前就曾經請上官到印尼跟印尼分會交流,並且提出了舉行區域會議的構思。(這個部分特別怕寫錯,所以只寫了這麼多。)在線上印尼文社群還算是活躍吧,我覺得他們有一個地方做得很好,就是他們會把每週協作項目和聚會資訊張貼到首頁,這樣可能就不會像香港這樣,出現基層編輯和外展團隊的斷層。不過有社群成員投訴印尼文版的版本審核機制拖拖拉拉,這是阻礙新人修訂維基百科內容的因素。

日本
在線上日文社群相當活躍,DYK天天換畫,不久之前他們還突破了條目數百萬大關,不過據國外維基人所言,由於日本網絡界生態所限,日文社群的線下活動好像並不熱熾——至少那裏有沒有足夠的人力物力舉辦一場維基年會是個問題。然而日本的關西地方設有用戶組。近年日本社群舉行過「與Lila Tretikov(前基金會執行總監)對話」、WP15紀念會等活動,關西用戶組也是亞洲月協辦單位之一(我還收到他們寄來的明信片)。香港維基人Clithering君很久之前已經講過:中文版的關於歐美史地、學理的條目比日文版遜色。我認為他的言論到現在仍然適用。

(未完待續)